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08KYIV142, UKRAINE: SENATOR LUGAR DISCUSSES BIOLOGICAL THREAT

January 22, 2008

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08KYIV142 2008-01-22 07:27 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Kyiv

VZCZCXYZ0003
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHKV #0142/01 0220727
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 220727Z JAN 08
FM AMEMBASSY KYIV
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4766
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE
RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE

C O N F I D E N T I A L KYIV 000142 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT ALSO FOR EUR/UMB AND EUR/PRA 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 01/17/2018 
TAGS: PARM TBIO EAID EAGR PREL OREP US UP
SUBJECT: UKRAINE: SENATOR LUGAR DISCUSSES BIOLOGICAL THREAT 
REDUCTION PROGRAM 
 
Classified By: Ambassador for reasons 1.4 (b,d). 
 
1. (SBU) Summary/Comment: Senator Richard Lugar (R-IN) 
pressed for progress on implementing the Nunn-Lugar 
Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Biological Threat 
Reduction Program (BTRP) in separate meetings January 15 with 
Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko, Prime Minister Yuliya 
Tymoshenko, and Health Minister Vasyl Knyazevych.  He warned 
that failure to make a decision soon on the location of a 
future permanent Central Reference Laboratory would 
jeopardize funding for its construction allocated in the 
current fiscal year to Ukraine.  Lugar also updated 
opposition Party of Regions representatives Kostyantin 
Gryshchenko and Leonid Kozhara on BTRP in a separate meeting. 
 While the new government is still settling in, the fact that 
Senator Lugar focused the government leadership on BTRP has 
the potential for quicker resolution of key issues holding up 
further implementation and expansion of the program.  Senator 
Lugar's meetings on NATO and energy issues are being reported 
septels.  End summary/comment. 
 
2. (U) Background: When CTR programs largely succeeded in 
dismantling strategic weapons and strategic weapons 
infrastructure, the focus of CTR efforts in Ukraine and 
elsewhere turned to the threat of the illegal proliferation 
of biological technology and pathogens.  In August 2005, the 
Department of Defense and the Ukrainian Ministry of Health 
signed the Biological Threat Reduction Implementation 
Agreement (BTRIA).  Since that time, the BTRP has been 
stymied by Ukrainian resistance to adding the Ministry of 
Agrarian Policy and other agencies dealing with animal 
pathogens to the BTRIA.  In addition, Ukraine has been slow 
to designate a location for a future permanent Central 
Reference Laboratory (CRL) to consolidate especially 
dangerous pathogens.  We expect the interim CRL in Odesa to 
consolidate such pathogens until a permanent facility is 
built, four years after the site is designated.  On January 
15, the Embassy delivered a diplomatic note adding an 
additional U.S. $20 million to the BTRP and proposing an 
exchange of diplomatic notes to add the State Committee of 
Veterinary Medicine and the Academy of Agrarian Sciences as 
full partners to the program.  End background. 
 
3. (C) In his meeting with Senator Lugar, President 
Yushchenko said he wanted U.S. negotiations with the Ministry 
of Health to begin on preventing the spread of dangerous 
pathogens and to enhance physical security at Ukrainian 
facilities.  However, according to the Ministry of Health, 
the agreement had not yet been signed and the Ministry was 
not sure when this would get underway.  Senator Lugar 
responded that he would be meeting with the Minister of 
Health during his visit and, setting the record straight, 
noted that the U.S. was ready to go ahead now with funding 
the project.  However, he said, we were waiting on the 
Ukrainian side and the Ministry of Health. 
 
4. (C) Prime Minister Tymoshenko told the Senator that she 
was aware of the BTRP and said Deputy Prime Minister Hryhoriy 
Nemyria would work with the Minister of Health to resolve the 
issues that Lugar had highlighted.  She promised that the 
Ukrainian side would fulfill its BTRP commitments quickly and 
said Nemyria would work with the Ministry of Health and the 
State Property Fund to identify real estate that could be 
provided for construction of the permanent CRL. If the State 
Property Fund had nothing suitable, then land owned by the 
Ministry of Health might be used for the CRL. 
 
5. (SBU) Health Minister Knyazevych introduced Deputy Health 
Minister Mykola Prodanchuk as the ministry's lead for BTRP. 
He emphasized the new government's interest in the program as 
a means to ensuring public safety and health.  The Ministry 
of Health was reviewing the BTRIA and considering how best to 
implement it.  Knyazevych expressed his confidence that the 
new government would soon take a decision to expand the BTRP 
to add the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Academy of 
Agrarian Science, either through the exchange of diplomatic 
notes or by amending the existing agreement. 
 
6. (U) Opposition shadow foreign minister Gryshchenko asked 
for an update on BTRP, saying that he hoped that the 
program's funding could be increased.  Lugar said his CODEL 
had handed over a copy to Yushchenko earlier of an Embassy 
diplomatic note notifying the Ukrainians of an additional $20 
million of BTRP.  Despite this, the Ukrainian government had 
still not come to a decision regarding the site for the 
permanent CRL.  In addition to increasing safeguards against 
 
the improper use of biological technology, BTRP would also 
provide resources to detect outbreaks of diseases that &#x0
00A;endangered human and animal health. 
 
7. (U) The CODEL also included Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee (SFRC) Republican staff director Kenneth Myers, 
Jr.; SFRC Republican senior professional staff Kenneth Myers 
III; SFRC Republican professional staff Neil Brown; and 
Office of the Secretary of Defense Nunn-Lugar Cooperative 
Threat Reduction Program officer Andrew Weber.  Senator Lugar 
did not have an opportunity to clear this message prior to 
his departure from Kyiv. 
 
8. (U) Visit Embassy Kyiv's classified website: 
www.state.sgov.gov/p/eur/kiev. 
Taylor

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