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07KYIV646, UKRAINE: YUSHCHENKO IN BRUSSELS — THE “EU

March 21, 2007

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
07KYIV646 2007-03-21 14:22 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Kyiv

VZCZCXRO1455
PP RUEHDBU
DE RUEHKV #0646/01 0801422
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 211422Z MAR 07
FM AMEMBASSY KYIV
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 1604
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE
RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 KYIV 000646 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT ALSO FOR EUR/UMB 
 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 03/19/2017 
TAGS: PREL ECIN ETRD ENRG UP
SUBJECT: UKRAINE: YUSHCHENKO IN BRUSSELS -- THE "EU 
LIGHTHOUSE" 
 
REF: KYIV 540 
 
Classified By: Political Counselor Kent Logsdon for reasons 1.4(b,d) 
 
1. (U) Summary: Ukrainian leaders continued their tours of 
European capitals with President Yushchenko making Ukraine's 
case for EU membership during a March 8 visit to Brussels and 
a March 15-16 visit to Copenhagen, echoing the points Prime 
Minister Yanukovych made during his February 28 working visit 
to Berlin (reftel).  Both leaders strongly supported 
Ukrainian integration into Europe and, as Yushchenko put it, 
want a reference to EU membership in the EU-Ukraine "New 
Enhanced Agreement" to act as Ukraine's "lighthouse" -- 
illuminating a path to closer integration with Europe and 
potential EU membership.  Yushchenko asked for additional EU 
support in resolving Transnistria and was eager to start free 
trade negotiations soon.  His EU hosts brought up a 
re-admission agreement with Ukraine and discussed energy 
issues, including reversal of the Odesa-Brody pipeline flow. 
The President of the EU Parliament told Yushchenko that the 
prospects for passage of a bill declaring the Holodomor as 
genocide are good. 
 
2. (C) Comment: Yushchenko's visit was short on substance, 
but helped him to communicate both to his EU audience and 
domestically the importance of Ukraine's engagement with and 
movement toward the EU.  Both sides laid out by now 
well-rehearsed positions.  If Ukraine's WTO accession does 
take place this year, Ukraine and the EU could begin 
full-scale discussions on the implementation of an EU-Ukraine 
free trade area, which would truly mean that EU-Ukraine 
relations had moved significantly forward and allow Ukraine 
to receive some of the same benefits as EU membership.  End 
summary/comment. 
 
3. (U) During his March 8 one-day visit to Brussels 
Yushchenko met with European Commission President Jose 
Barroso, EU Commissioner for External Relations Benita 
Ferrero-Waldner, EU General Secretary Javier Solana and 
European Parliament President Hans-Gert Pottering.  At a 
March 13 meeting, EU EC Political, Press and Information 
Section director Dirk Schuebel told us the positions of 
Yushchenko and Yanukovych regarding Ukraine's path toward 
Europe had become nearly identical in recent weeks.  Both 
leaders and their political parties want the next EU-Ukraine 
"New Enhanced Agreement" to include a path to EU membership. 
Schuebel noted that Party of Regions MP and former Ukrainian 
ambassador to Sweden Leonid Kozhara went so far as to say 
recently that his party would not support ratification of any 
EU-Ukraine agreement that did not specifically include the 
potential of EU membership for Ukraine.  (Schuebel, however, 
also opined that Kozhara had been playing "bad cop" in a 
negotiating ploy to soften up EU resistance to the proposal, 
since his Party of Regions colleague immediately jumped in to 
downplay the prospect of a Regions veto of the agreement.) 
In an op-ed piece in the "Wall Street Journal Europe," timed 
to coincide with Yushchenko's March 16 visit to Denmark, 
Yushchenko took a softer line, affirming Ukraine's intention 
to integrate with the expansion that has taken place to date. 
 In Denmark, Yushchenko added Ukraine intended to fulfill the 
EU's Copenhagen criteria within 10 years, even if no firm 
offer of EU membership was at hand. 
 
The New Agreement and EU Membership 
----------------------------------- 
 
4. (SBU) In Brussels, Yushchenko told Solana he wanted a 
reference to EU membership in the next EU-Ukraine "New 
Enhanced Agreement" to act as a "lighthouse" and illuminate 
the way forward for Ukraine's a path to the EU.  Solana 
replied that Ukraine's place in Europe is important to the EU 
and that, for the EU, Ukraine is the "lighthouse" in Eastern 
Europe for neighbors like Russia and Belarus.  Schuebel also 
commented that Ukraine hopes that its EU membership prospects 
would get a boost when Poland assumed the EU Presidency in 
2011. 
 
5. (SBU) Schuebel said the final title of the "New Enhanced 
Agreement" would be kept for last, although Yushchenko did 
not raise the issue during his Brussels meetings.  Although 
Ukrainians continue to push for an "association agreement," 
Schuebel argued that "association" was an imprecise term that 
included not only the EU relationship with Turkey, with the 
possible goal of EU membership, but also the EU's 
relationship with Argentina, which had no prospect of 
membership at all.  The Germans, in pushing for a revised EU 
charter, hoped to include a more precise definition of which 
countries could potentially become EU members. 
 
 
KYIV 00000646  002 OF 002 
 
 
6. (SBU) Schuebel said a free trade agreement would be an 
integral part of the "New Enhanced Agreement."  Yushchenko 
was anxious to start detailed negotiations on the free trade 
agreement with the EU as soon as possible.  However his EU 
interlocutors said negotiations would not commence until the 
WTO Working Party had issued a pos
itive recommendation on 
Ukraine's WTO accession.  This was an EU concession to 
Ukraine, since the EU had previously taken the position that 
negotiations would not commence until Ukraine had actually 
joined the WTO.  Schuebel opined that EU-Ukraine free trade 
negotiations, however, were unlikely to start before the 
latter half of this year. 
 
7. (SBU) Russia's agreement on re-admission of illegal 
migrants from Ukraine to Russia facilitated progress on the 
EU-Ukraine re-admission agreement, which was part of a 
package that the EU required to approve an agreement on 
simplified visa procedures for Ukrainian travelers.  Schuebel 
noted that a significant proportion of migrants illegally 
entering the EU had transited Ukraine from Russia, with their 
origins not just in Central Asia and the south Caucasus, but 
as far afield as India and Pakistan.  The Ukrainians 
continued to complain about the cost of establishing 
detention camps for returnees from the EU, even though the EU 
was prepared to provide significant monetary assistance for 
their construction. 
 
Energy Cooperation and Transnistria 
----------------------------------- 
 
8. (C) Schuebel noted that EU and Ukraine have successfully 
cooperated on several energy related projects and remarked 
that the first gas metering station -- funded by the EU -- 
was recently opened outside of Kyiv.  Energy related issues 
were discussed while Yushchenko was in Brussels, but Schuebel 
commented the real power on energy issues now rests with 
Deputy Prime Minister Kluyev and Energy Minister Boyko.  The 
obstacles to reversing the flow of the Odesa-Brody oil 
pipeline were discussed during Yushchenko's visit, including 
Polish doubts about potential profitability of the project. 
The prospects for the upcoming Kyiv summit on Odesa-Brody, 
that would include the presidents of Ukraine, Poland, 
Lithuania, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan, were also touched upon. 
 
9. (C) Yushchenko welcomed EU involvement in Ukraine-Moldova 
relations in the form of the EU Border Assistance Mission 
(EUBAM) but also asked for more EU support in resolving the 
Transnistria "frozen conflict."  He wants more "transparency" 
at the border and EU support to get Russia back to the 
negotiating table. 
 
Holodomor Genocide Bill in EU Parliament 
---------------------------------------- 
 
10. (C) Parliament President Pottering told Yushchenko that 
the prospects for passage of a bill recognizing the Holodomor 
as genocide in the EU Parliament are good.  Schuebel opined 
that EU MPs from some countries want to use the 
genocide bill to embarrass Russia while others will vote for 
it out of a sense of moral conviction. 
 
11. (U) Visit Embassy Kyiv's classified website: 
www.state.sgov.gov/p/eur/kiev. 
Taylor

Wikileaks

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