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06KIEV2477, UKRAINE: LAUNCH OF NATO PFP TRUST FUND PROJECT FOR

June 23, 2006

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06KIEV2477 2006-06-23 12:56 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Kyiv
VZCZCXRO8814
PP RUEHDBU
DE RUEHKV #2477/01 1741256
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 231256Z JUN 06
FM AMEMBASSY KIEV
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0134
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE
RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 KIEV 002477 

SIPDIS 

SIPDIS 

DEPARTMENT ALSO FOR PM/WRA, EUR/PRA, AND EUR/UMB 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 06/23/2016 
TAGS: PARM MARR NATO PGOV UP
SUBJECT: UKRAINE: LAUNCH OF NATO PFP TRUST FUND PROJECT FOR 
ELIMINATION OF MANPADS, SA/LW, AND MUNITIONS 

REF: A. KIEV 2279 
     B. KIEV 2249 
     C. KIEV 2207 
     D. KIEV 2190 

Classified By: Acting Political Counselor George Kent for reasons 1.4(b 
,d) 

1. (U) Summary:  The NATO PfP Trust Fund project to eliminate 
MANPADS, small arms/light weapons, and excess munitions began 
June 20 with the ceremonial destruction of two MANPADS before 
an audience of government officials and media.  Actual 
operations are expected to begin at the Shostka site in 
northeastern Ukraine during the week of June 26 at an 
estimated pace of 40-50 MANPADS missiles destroyed per day. 
Publicity surrounding the event helped to counter the recent 
anti-NATO agitation carried out on the Crimean peninsula 
(reftels) by pro-Russian Ukrainian political parties and 
groups.  The Ministry of Defense must still put in place 
procedures and arrangements to destroy small arms/light 
weapons and excess munitions.  End summary. 

2. (U) DATT and PolOff participated in June 20 ceremonies to 
mark the start of the USG-led NATO PfP Trust Fund project to 
destroy 1,000 MANPADS (Man Portable Air Defense Systems), 
400,000 small arms/light weapons (SA/LW), and 133,000 tons of 
excess munitions.  The Trust Fund has accumulated more than 
U.S. $5 million, of which USG contributed $2.142 million, or 
more than halfway to the total projected Phase I project cost 
of $9.843 million.  DATT and PolOff also participated in a 
June 19 "Joint Seminar on Destruction Technologies." 

3. (U) NATO International Staff Arms Control and Coordination 
Section Chief Michael Miggins and PfP and Cooperation 
Programs Chief Susan Pond led a five-person delegation from 
NATO headquarters (note: Pond was the senior person at the 
June 20 ceremony, since Miggins could not remain in Kiev the 
additional day).  Program manager Bulent Tudes from the NATO 
Maintenance and Supply Agency (NAMSA), implementer of the 
Ukrainian Trust Fund project, gave a presentation on other 
NAMSA projects at the seminar and attended the Trust Fund 
opening ceremony.  MFA Arms Control and Military-Technical 
Cooperation Director Volodymyr Belashov also attended.  Other 
participants in one or both events included Kiev-based 
diplomats and military attaches of NATO members (Bulgaria, 
Slovakia, Slovenia, UK, and Austria) and visiting officials 
(from Germany, Lithuania, and Russia).  Private business and 
NGO representatives also participated. 

4. (U) After making opening and closing remarks at the June 
19 seminar, Deputy Defense Minister Volodymyr Tereshchenko 
traveled by ground to the MANPADS destruction site in the 
town of Shostka (located 50 miles from the Ukraine-Russia 
border in Sumy region) to greet the officials, members of the 
press, and others who traveled by helicopter to witness the 
destruction of the first two MANPADS by the project.  (Note: 
Twelve additional MANPADS, not to be counted against the 
1,000 total, were destroyed in trials in late 2005 to 
determine the best destruction procedure.)  He described the 
day's program and then showed a short film of the destruction 
procedures that emphasized measures to maintain safety and 
accountability of the missiles (Note: Pond is coordinating 
with the Ukrainian MOD to obtain a copy of the film to post 
to NATO's website.)  After the film, participants proceeded 
to the demolition site, saw a set of two missiles being 
unpacked from a crate, then heard the explosion either from a 
safe distance or in a nearby bunker.  Pond initiated the 
blasting device to set off the explosion. 

5. (U) The Kiev-based NATO Documentation and Information 
Center (NIDC) ensured good press coverage of both the June 19 
signing of a contract between NAMSA and MOD and the project 
kick-off June 20.  Channel Five and Tonis television covered 
the events; radio and print journalists were also present. 
We congratulated the Ukrainian government and NATO and 
thanked responsible officials during the June 19 contract 
signing.  On June 20, during an impromptu media briefing, we 
emphasized that the USG undertook the responsibility to be 
Trust Fund lead nation out of genuine friendship for Ukraine 
and concern that the existence of such large stockpiles posed 
a safety and security threat, particularly to the Ukrainian 
people but also to the region.  Tereshchenko and Pond, 
responding to journalists' other questions, underscored that 
the project was concrete evidence of the benefits of 
Ukraine-NATO cooperation. 

6. (SBU) Pond has suggested creating a second media event 

KIEV 00002477  002 OF 002 

around the destruction of the last of the 1,000 MANPADS 
scheduled for elimination under the Trust Fund.  Such an 
event could provide greater momentum for the Ministry of 
Defense to complete preparations for the SA/LW and munitions 
destru
ction, if not already under way by then, and help 
attract additional contributions to the Trust Fund.  Pond 
said a NATO Assistant Secretary General might visit for such 
an event.  When we mentioned to MFA's Belashov that 
Ambassador might be interested, his schedule permitting, in 
attending a ceremony to mark destruction of the 1,000th 
MANPADS, Belashov speculated that the Defense Minister, 
Foreign Minister, or both might also join Ambassador. 

7. (U) NAMSA in-country project manager Steve Brown later 
informed us that MOD is now transporting MANPADS to the 
Shostka site.  After data on the missile serial numbers have 
been verified, actual destruction operations should begin 
during the week of June 26.  NAMSA and MOD expect the 
operation to proceed at a rate of 40-50 missiles destroyed 
per day. 

8. (C) Comment:  With the recent events surrounding the Sea 
Breeze exercise in Crimea and public opinion polls showing 
two-thirds of the Ukrainian public opposed to NATO 
membership, the Trust Fund project's inauguration comes at a 
propitious moment.  Party of Regions leader Viktor Yanukovych 
has advised us in past meetings that NATO should provide 
concrete benefits and has favorably recalled an earlier NATO 
Trust Fund that destroyed anti-personnel land mines in 
Donetsk when he was Donetsk governor.  The positive media 
coverage of Trust Fund events helped to underscore that NATO 
is not about aggressive or hostile military actions but 
instead contributes to strengthening regional security.  The 
Trust Fund was also the perfect answer to the hostile 
propaganda directed by Regions members against U.S. military 
and NATO contributions and interactions with the Ukrainian 
military. 

9. (U) Visit Embassy Kiev's classified website: 
www.state.sgov.gov/p/eur/kiev. 
Gwaltney

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