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06KIEV1772, UKRAINE: FM TARASYUK, NSAU CHIEF ALEXEYEV PRESS

May 5, 2006

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06KIEV1772 2006-05-05 15:00 2011-08-30 01:44 CONFIDENTIAL Embassy Kyiv
VZCZCXYZ0004
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHKV #1772/01 1251500
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 051500Z MAY 06
FM AMEMBASSY KIEV
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9206
INFO RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 2963
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC

 

C O N F I D E N T I A L KIEV 001772 

SIPDIS 

SIPDIS 

E.O. 12958: DECL: 04/27/2016 
TAGS: MARR MCAP PREL PINR US UP
SUBJECT: UKRAINE: FM TARASYUK, NSAU CHIEF ALEXEYEV PRESS 
FOR GREATER MISSILE DEFENSE COOPERATION 

Classified By: Classified By: Ambassador for reasons 1.4(b,d) 

1. (C) Summary:  Foreign Minister Borys Tarasyuk and National 
Space Agency of Ukraine (NSAU) Director Yuri Alekseyev urged 
greater U.S.-Ukraine cooperation on ballistic missile defense 
during an April 26 meeting at MFA with U.S. Missile Defense 
Agency (MDA) Director Lt Gen (USAF) Trey Obering III and 
Ambassador.  The Ukrainian officials pressed for 
establishment of a bilateral cooperative agreement to 
underpin greater cooperation; Lt Gen Obering explained he was 
in Ukraine primarily to assess Ukrainian capabilities.  He 
was impressed by what he had seen during his visit to 
Pivdenne (in Russian, Yuzhnoye) design bureau and factory 
facilities in the eastern Ukrainian city of Dnipropetrovsk 
and would recommend the start of a USG interagency process to 
authorize negotiations on such an agreement.  Alekseyev also 
asked MDA to arrange a missile-defense related event in 
Ukraine in 2007; Obering said he would consider the request. 
End summary. 

2. (C) Also present on the Ukrainian side were NSAU Deputy 
Director Valeri Komarov and MFA Arms Control and 
Military-Technical Cooperation Department Director Volodymyr 
Belashov.  MDA Deputy Director for International Affairs 
David Scearse, DATT, and PolOff (notetaker) were the other 
U.S. participants in the meeting. 

Political Commitments 
--------------------- 

3. (C) Foreign Minister Tarasyuk recalled that the U.S. and 
Ukrainian Presidents had issued a joint statement in April 
2005 that included reference to cooperation in the missile 
defense area.  (Note:  The joint statement expressed the 
desire of the U.S. and Ukraine to "work together on missile 
defense, including beginning negotiations on a framework 
agreement to facilitate such cooperation and closer 
industry-to-industry collaboration.")  The Ukrainian 
government remained committed to achieving this goal and 
welcomed Obering's visit and the early April visit of MDA 
Deputy Director McNamara in furtherance of U.S.-Ukraine 
missile defense cooperation.  During his March visit to the 
U.S., Tarasyuk said he had met with Boeing and 
Lockheed-Martin representatives and concluded the time was 
ripe for the Ministry of Defense and Department of Defense to 
conclude an agreement on missile defense cooperation.  NSAU 
Director Alekseyev chimed in with his own appeal for an 
agreement. 

4. (C) Obering cautioned that his primary purpose in visiting 
Ukraine was to assess Ukrainian capabilities and develop the 
relationships necessary to foster better cooperation in the 
future.  That said, he had been impressed by what he had seen 
during his visit to Pivdenne (in Russian, Yuzhnoye) design 
bureau and factory facilities in the eastern Ukrainian city 
of Dnipropetrovsk.  While the possibilities for sharing of 
radar data were not very good, the evident Ukrainian 
technical expertise and professionalism showed great 
potential in the area of target and countermeasures 
development.  During the Cold War years, Ukraine had 
developed in areas that were now complementary to U.S. 
strengths.  Ballistic missile defense was not targeted at 
Russia but at the possible threat from a rogue nation. 
Ukraine possessed a deep understanding of missile 
characteristics, including launch platforms and engines, that 
had the potential to assist MDA programs.  In Obering's view, 
this knowledge, Ukrainian technical capability, and Ukraine's 
strategic location argued in favor of greater cooperation in 
the future.  While cautioning that this was a slow process, 
he would recommend the USG begin the interagency process 
required to expand future cooperation upon his return to 
Washington. 

Turning the Pages of History 
---------------------------- 

5. (C) Tarasyuk recalled that Ukraine's possession of ICBMs 
had been a contentious issue and thorny diplomatic problem 
that consumed U.S.-Ukraine bilateral relations in the early 
1990s.  Then, U.S. diplomatic efforts had been directed at 
eliminating Ukraine's missile capability; thankfully, the 
capability had not been totally eliminated, and it could now 
be an asset for both countries.  Ironically, Tarasyuk noted, 
missiles had moved from being a source of mistrust and 
disagreement to the means for building trust now. 

A Ukraine-Based Event 
--------------------- 

6. (C) Obering informed Tarasyuk that he had invited 
Alekseyev to speak at the next Ballistic Missile Defense 
Multinational Conference, to be held in London.  NSAU Deputy 
Director Komarov had delivered remarks at the September 2005 
conference in Rome, and Alekseyev's participation in 2006 
would be welcome.  Alekseyev noted that GOU approval for his 
trip would partly depend on Tarasyuk.  He urged Obering, 
half-jokingly, to consider holding a future multinational 
conference in Sevastopol.  When Obering and Scearse explained

venues had been set through 2008 (2007 in Maastricht and 2008 
in Sydney), Alekseyev appealed to have some sort of event in 
Ukraine; Obering and Scearse said they would consider the 
possibility. 

7. (U) Lt Gen Obering did not have an opportunity to clear 
this cable. 

8. (U) Visit Embassy Kiev's classified website: 
www.state.sgov.gov/p/eur/kiev. 
Gwaltney

 

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